Coconuts are the seeds of a species of palm, Cocos nucifera. These palms flower on a monthly basis and the fruits take one year to ripe. A mature tree can produce 50 to 100 coconuts per year. Coconuts can be harvested from the ground once they have ripened and fallen, or they can be harvested while still on the tree. A human climber can harvest about 25 trees in a day, while a knife attached to a pole can up the number to 250 trees harvested in a day. Monkeys can also be trained to harvest the coconuts, but this practice is less efficient than other methods. Green coconuts, harvested after about six to 12 months on the palm, contain pliable white fibres. Brown fibre is obtained by harvesting fully mature coconuts when the nutritious layer surrounding the seed is ready to be processed into copra and desiccated coconut. The fibrous layer of the fruit is then separated from the hard shell (manually) by driving the fruit down onto a spike to split it (which we call dehusking). A well-seasoned husker can manually separate 2,000 coconuts per day. Machines are now available which crush the whole fruit to give the loose fibres. These machines can process up to 2,000 coconuts per hour.
The coconut husks are soaked in pits or in nets in a slow-moving body of water to swell and soften the fibres. The long bristle fibres are separated from the shorter mattress fibres underneath the skin of the nut, a process known as wet-milling. The mattress fibres are sifted to remove dirt and other rubbish, dried in the sun and packed into bales. Some mattress fibre is allowed to retain more moisture so it retains its elasticity for twisted fibre production. The coir fibre is elastic enough to twist without breaking and it holds a curl as though permanently waved. Twisting is done by simply making a rope of the hank of fibre and twisting it using a machine or by hand and such twisted fibre can be produced to different variety.
Total world coir fibre production is 250,000 tones (250,000 long tons; 280,000 short tons). Sri Lanka produces 36% brown fibre output of the total world supply of coir fibre. Natural coco fibre is used for various purposes such as agriculture, upholstery, fishing, decorations, ornaments, door mats, brushes and brooms and thousands of other products, Coco fibre has a water retention capacity up to 180% a very unique feature, thus attract farmers and agriculture trade with its high enriched nutrients for all kinds of plants as a natural fertilizer.
We are a manufacturing cum exporter of various 100% natural coir fibre in our own factories with strict quality control measures mainly for buyers individual requirements. We produce,
Coir Fiber Twine/Yarn
The coconut husks are soaked in water for 48 hours and are then sent through a machine that is known as “the cutter” which is used to separate the raw fiber/pith as shown in below images.
The raw fiber that is collected is then sent through a machine called “The picker” which cleans the raw fiber and separates the short and long fibers.
The long fiber is used to manufacture the twine/yarn with the use of another process for which the Sliver machine and CT Machine are used.
Machine Twisted Fibre
The yarn that has been produced through this process is then balled and packed together and finally pressed and tied to make one bundle. 576 such bundles, weighing approximately 6500 kg, are loaded in to a 20’ FT container.
Mixed Fiber In Bales
The mixed fiber bale factory is located at Hettipola, Kuliyapitiya and at present has the capacity to load a 1×40’ HC container per day.
The company’s vision is to increase the capacity to load 3×40’ HC per day.
Colombo Coir Exporters is proud with its achievements so far, and is envisioning more improvements to its activities in order to achieve its main goal – which is to have satisfied customers around the world.
Our key products manufactured in the above mentioned factories are presently exported mainly to Pakistan and China. The management has declared that in the Year 2013 the company must seek to expand into wider markets, so any inquiry to any part of the world is most welcome.
We believe that we have a very good financial footing and a cut and dry accounting policy that helps us to maintain our quality and a long term business relationship with our clients.